l 地理位置 Location
Chiangmai is the capital of Chiang Mai Province. It is 700 km north of Bangkok, among the highest mountains in the country. The city sits astride the Ping River. The climate here features distinctive dry and wet seasons, with an average temperature of 25.5℃. There are vast forests.
Chiangmai is the second largest city of Thailand, as well as the political, economic and cultural center of the northern Thailand.
l 產業優勢 Competitive industries
Tourism and agriculture are two major industries in Chiangmai. The long-term development strategy of the city indicates that tourism is a pillar industry of the city and great efforts will be made to develop the tertiary industry. To protect the environment and tourism resources, Chiangmai has made plans for construction of specialized industrial parks for industrial projects. The industries in the urban area mainly include the finance, business, handicraft, service and small-scale processing industries. The industrial development mainly focuses on agricultural product processing, food processing and assembling industries. There is no heavy industry.
Chiangmai boasts excellent geographical location and integrated road, railway and air transportation network extending to all directions. Such conditions enable Chiangmai to become a business and trade center of the northern Thailand. Here many commodities are transferred to Bangkok and other cities of Thailand or exported to many other countries and regions in the world.
l 旅游資源 Tourism resources
Chiangmai has beautiful natural landscape. It is a city in the highland, with an average elevation of 300 meters. With cool climate, it is a good summer resort. The urban area of the city also offers beautiful sceneries. It is widely covered by flowers and other plants, especially the roses. Chiangmai was one of two tourist destinations in Thailand on TripAdvisor's 2014 list of "25 Best Destinations in the World", where it stands at number 24.
In addition, the handiworks of Chiangmai are very famous. Many of them, including wood carvings and sculptures, lacquer works, silverware, rattan articles and bamboo umbrellas, are supplied to both domestic and international markets. The night market is a characteristic of Chiangmai, always with a hubbub of voices all through the night and crowded tourists.
Chiang Mai has more than 32,000 hotel rooms and Chiang Mai International Airport (CNX) is Thailand's fourth largest, after Suvarnabhumi (BKK) and Don Mueang (DMK) in Bangkok, and Phuket (HKT).
It was learnt that Thailand intends to market Chiangmai as a global MICE city as part of a five-year plan. The TCEB forecasts revenue from MICE to rise by 10% to THB4.24 billion in 2013 and the number of MICE travelers to rise by 5% to 72,424.
l 歷史文化 History and culture
Chiangmai was a former capital of the Kingdom of Lanna. There are still many historical and cultural relics in Chiangmai today. With the decline of the Lanna Kingdom, the city lost importance and was occupied by the Burmese in 1556. Chiangmai formally became part of Siam in 1775. Chiangmai then slowly grew in cultural, trading, and economic importance to its current status as the unofficial capital of northern Thailand, second in importance only to Bangkok.
There is the former site of the walls of the Kingdom of Lanna. The walls are about two kilometers long, surrounded by city moat, with wooden architectures, gates, ancient Buddhist temples and monument inside. Chiangmai has many temples and pagodas, including the Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep, which is worshipped by many Buddhists.
Chiangmai is also the cultural and education center of the northern Thailand. There are a number of famous universities and colleges, such as the Chiangmai University.
Corresponding to the diversified ethnic cultures, there are a great variety of festivals each year. Of them, the most important ones include the Songkran Festival and the Loi Krathong Festival.
l 城市圖片 Pictures