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博克拉市簡況

發布日期:2015年07月14日 來源:外僑辦 【字體:

博克拉簡況

博克拉

Pokhara

 

  l 地理位置 Location

 

    博卡拉位于尼泊爾西部發展區、甘達基專區和卡斯基區的中心,同時還是這三個地區的治所。該市是尼泊爾第二大城市,面積55.66平方公里,2011年人口普查255,465人。博卡拉山谷面積125平方公里。博卡拉海拔727米到980米之間,首都加德滿都以西約198公里。世界上十大最高山脈中,道拉吉利峰(Dhaulagiri)、安納普爾那(Annapurna 和馬拉斯魯峰(Manaslu)距離該市不足30英里。

 

Pokhara lies in the centre of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone and the Western Development Region. It is also the headquarters of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone as well as Western Development Region. Pokhara is also the second largest city of Nepal with an area of 55.66 km2 and a population of 255,465 according to 2011 census. However, the Pokhara valley has an area of 125 km2. The city is located at an altitude of 727 meters to 980 meters and approximately 200 km west of the country's capital, Kathmandu. Three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu — are within 30 miles of the city.

 

  l 優勢產業 Competitive industries

 

    最近幾年,博卡拉成為世界主要旅游勝地之一,甚至被稱為尼泊爾的旅游之都,成為南亞探險旅游勝地以及著名的安納普爾那徒步環線旅游基地。因此,當地經濟主要依賴旅游業和酒店業。每年有很多游客造訪博卡拉。旅游業是當地人以及該市的主要收入來源。旅游業、服務業和制造業對經濟的貢獻率約58%,僑匯的貢獻率約20%,農業的貢獻率將近16%。

 

In recent decades, Pokhara has become a major tourist destination in the world, it is even known as tourism capital of Nepal. In South Asia mainly for adventure tourism and the base for the famous Annapurna Circuit trek. Thus, a major contribution to the local economy comes from the tourism and hospitality industry. A lot of tourists visit Pokhara every year. Tourism industry is one of major source of income for local people and the city. Tourism, service sector & manufacturing contributes approximately 58% to the economy, remittances about 20% and the agriculture nearly 16%.

 

  l 旅游資源 Tourism sources

 

    博卡拉,尼泊爾最為盛名的風景地。城內有很多中世紀的寺廟以及古老的尼瓦爾人建筑。以費瓦湖(Phewa Lake)和其北部安娜普爾娜山脈(Mt Annapyrna)以及魚尾峰(Mt Fishtail)的湖光山色聞名于世。由于位置靠近安納普爾那山脈,博卡拉還是安納普爾那環線徒步旅行者通過喜馬拉雅山地區ACAP地區的基地。

Pokhara is the most famous tourist destination of Nepal. Many medieval era temples and old newari houses are still a part of the city. It is famous for the landscape of Phewa Lake, Mt Annapyrna and Mt Fishtail. Due to its proximity to the Annapurna mountain range, the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit through the ACAP region of the Annapurna ranges in the Himalayas.  

 

    博卡拉正推廣世界和平塔和桑冉庫特兩處山頂觀景點,從那兒可以鳥瞰該市的美麗風光和周圍的全景。世界和平塔1996年修建,位于費瓦湖南岸,而冉庫特位于城市西北部。

The city promotes two major hilltops as its viewpoints to view the city and surrounding panorama, World Peace Pagoda built in 1996 across the southern shore of Phewa lake and Sarangkot which is located northwest of the city.
 
 

  l 歷史文化 History and culture

 

    博卡拉位于中印之間一條重要的古老貿易通道上。17世紀,該市屬于Kaski王國的一部分,Kaski是其中一個Chaubise Rajya(尼泊爾24個王國之一,沙阿王朝一個分支統治)。如今博卡拉周圍的很多山上還有那個時期的中世紀遺跡。1786年,Prithvi Narayan Shah將博卡拉納入其統治之下。自此之后,博卡拉成為從加德滿都到久姆拉以及從印度到西藏的交易通道上的重要交易場所。自1950年西藏回歸中國之后引發了1962年中印戰爭之后,從印度通過博卡拉到西藏的古老貿易路線已經廢止。如今只有極少量的大篷車從Mustang駛入Bagar。

 

Pokhara lies on an important old trading route between China and India. In the 17th century it was part of the Kingdom of Kaski which was one of the Chaubise Rajya (24 Kingdoms of Nepal ruled by a branch of the Shah Dynasty). Many of the hills around Pokhara still have medieval ruins from this time. In 1786 Prithvi Narayan Shah added Pokhara into his kingdom. It had by then become an important trading place on the routes from Kathmandu to Jumla and from India to Tibet. After the reunification of Tibet with China in 1950 lead to the Indo-China war in 1962, the old trading route to India from Tibet through Pokhara became defunct. 

 

    自20世紀90年代起,博卡拉經歷了快速城鎮化,因此服務業對當地經濟的貢獻越來越多,超過了傳統農業。

Since the 1990s Pokhara has experienced rapid urbanization, as a result service sector industries have increasingly contributed to the local economy overtaking the traditional agriculture.

 

l 城市圖片  Pictures

 

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