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于韋斯屈萊市簡況

發布日期:2016年06月15日 來源:外僑辦 【字體:

于韋斯屈萊市概況

 

于韋斯屈萊

Jyväskylä

 

  l 地理位置 Location

 

   于韋斯屈萊是中芬蘭區湖區(Lakeland)西部的一個直轄市。該市位于派延奈湖(Lake Päijänne)的北岸,坦佩雷東北147公里,赫爾辛基北270公里。于韋斯屈萊有328個湖泊,河流湖泊占該市總面積的20.1%(295平方公里)。市中心位于于韋斯屈萊湖畔。 

 

Jyväskylä is a city and municipality in Central Finland in the western part of the Finnish Lakeland. It is located on the northern coast of Lake Päijänne, 147 kilometres north-east of Tampere and 270 kilometres north of Helsinki. There are 328 lakes in the city. Lakes and rivers constitute 20,1% (295 km2) of the total area of the city. The city centre is located on the shores of a small Jyväsjärvi.

 

    于韋斯屈萊景色以山脈、森林和湖泊為特色。建筑師阿爾托(Alvar Aalto)認為于韋斯屈萊的山景可以媲美意大利的托斯卡納(Toscana):“于韋斯屈萊山脊的坡度渾似菲耶索萊(Fiesole)山上的葡萄園?!?/span>

 

The landscape in Jyväskylä is hilly, forested and full of waters. The architect Alvar Aalto compared the hilly landscape of Jyväskylä to Toscana in Italy: "The slope of Jyväskylä ridge is almost like the mountain vineyards of Fiesole".

 

  l 優勢產業 Competitive industries

 

    如今于韋斯屈萊的主要生活來源包括教育和醫療保健服務、造紙機械設備生產、信息技術和可再生能源。最重要的私有企業有造紙機械設備生產商美卓(Metso)、零售貿易企業Keskimaa合作社、房地產服務企業ISS以及風力渦輪制造商美聞達(Moventas)。最大的公共部門雇主包括于韋斯屈萊市、中芬蘭區醫療保健區、于韋斯屈萊大學和空軍學院。

 

Nowadays main sources of livelihood in Jyväskylä are educational and health care services, paper machinery production, information technology and renewable energy. Most important private employers are paper machinery producer Metso ltd., retail trade company Keskimaa Cooperative Society, real estate service company ISS and wind turbine gear manufacturer Moventas. Biggest public employers are the City of Jyväskylä, Central Finland Health Care District, University of Jyväskylä and the Air Force Academy.

 

    于韋斯屈萊擁有教育之城、文化活動之城、技能、能力和創新之城和體育之城的美譽。該市為各個年齡段的人群提供多樣化的教育服務。綜合大學于韋斯屈萊大學和JAMK實用科技大學是芬蘭最好的研究教育機構,吸引了越來越多的國際學生。

 

Jyväskylä is also known as the city of education, culture and events, skills, competence and innovation and sports. It provides a diversity of educational offerings for people of all ages. The multidisciplinary University of Jyväskylä and the JAMK University of Applied Sciences are among Finland's leading research and educational institutions with an increasing number of international students. 

 

    于韋斯屈萊每年舉辦音樂會、節日、博物館和劇院等諸多文化活動。于韋斯屈萊節是斯堪的納維亞最古老的夏季節日之一,主要展演無聲戲劇。該市還是芬蘭第二大會展城市,每年在會展和交易中心Jyväskylä Paviljonki舉辦多次國內國際會議。在國際上,于韋斯屈萊以阿爾托設計的建筑以及耐斯特石油杯芬蘭拉力賽而聞名。而該市有大約450處運動場地以及200家體育俱樂部。

 

Jyväskylä is home for a large variety of cultural activities such as concerts, festivals, museums and theatres. The Jyväskylä Festival, which is the oldest on-going summer festival in Scandinavia, concentrates on non-verbal theatre. Jyväskylä is the second most important fair city in Finland. Every year several domestic and international congresses are held at the congress and trade fair centre Jyväskylä Paviljonki. Internationally Jyväskylä is perhaps best known for the architecture of Alvar Aalto and for the world championship rally Neste Oil Rally Finland. There are approximately 450 sports venues and 200 local sports clubs in Jyväskylä.

 

    于韋斯屈萊在造紙、造紙機械、能源生產、環境、信息和健康技術以及納米技術領域擁有專業技術。

 

Special expertise can be found in the fields of paper manufacturing and paper machinery as well as energy production, environmental, information and wellness technology as well as nanotechnology.

 

  l 旅游資源 Tourism sources

 

    于韋斯屈萊的旅游景點包括于韋斯屈萊藝術博物館、芬蘭手工藝博物館、阿爾托博物館等等。于韋斯屈萊藝術博物館是該市最大的博物館,位于市中心。阿爾托博物館和中芬蘭區博物館位于于韋斯屈萊大學附近,共同構成了一個文化中心。這兩個博物館都是由著名實用主義設計師阿爾托設計。阿爾托博物館展出該設計師最重要的作品和設計。其中最重要的一項設計是Säynätsalo 市政廳,位于Säynätsalo 島。而手工藝博物館展出了芬蘭的所有手工藝。芬蘭民族服飾中心是該博物館的一個構成部分。

 

The most famous museums of Jyväskylä include Jyväskylä Art Museum, the Craft Museum of Finland and Alvar Aalto Museum. The biggest art museum in the city is Jyväskylä Art Museum located in the city centre. The Alvar Aalto Museum and the Museum of Central Finland form a centre of culture in the immediate vicinity of the historical campus of the University of Jyväskylä. Both museums are designed by a functionalist Alvar Aalto. The Alvar Aalto Museum displays the artist's most important work and design. One of architect Aalto's most significant works Säynätsalo Town Hall is located in Säynätsalo island. The Craft Museum of Finland is a handicraft museum covering entire Finland. The Centre for Finnish National Costumes forms a part of the museum.

 

    于韋斯屈萊藝術節每年7月中旬舉辦,吸引了大量的音樂家、樂隊、現代馬戲、喜劇演員、默劇、形體劇和電影制作人。這是芬蘭最著名的節日之一。耐斯特石油杯芬蘭拉力賽在7月末舉辦,是北歐國家舉辦最大年度賽事,也是世界汽車拉力錦標賽(WRC)的其中一站。

 

Jyväskylä Arts Festival in the middle of July accommodates musicians, bands, contemporary circus, comedians, mimes, physical theatre, storytellers and film makers. It is one of the most well known festivals in Finland. Neste Oil Rally Finland in the end of July is the biggest annually organised event in Nordic countries and a part of the WRC World Rally Championships. 

 

  l 歷史文化 History and culture

 

    于韋斯屈萊地區,有來自石器時代的考古發現?,F存最早的稅務文件文書顯示,1539年于韋斯屈萊地區有七處地產。

 

In the Jyväskylä region, there are archeological findings from the Stone Age. According to the oldest available taxation documents (maakirja) there were seven estates on the Jyväskylä region in 1539.

 

    于韋斯屈萊市成立于1837年3月22日,由俄羅斯沙皇尼古拉斯一世創建,而該市的基礎設施建設基本上是從零開始。城鎮原來建于于韋斯屈萊湖(與派延奈湖相連)和于韋斯屈萊山脈(Harju)之間,包括當前網格狀城市中心的絕大部分。

 

The City of Jyväskylä was founded on 22 March 1837 by Czar Nicholas I of Russia and the infrastructure was essentially built from scratch. The original town was built between Lake Jyväsjärvi (which is connected to Lake Päijänne) and the Jyväskylä ridge (Harju), and consisted of most of the current grid-style city centre.

 

    從于韋斯屈萊市發展的角度看,19世紀50年代和60年代創立學校是最重要的一步。最早的三所以芬蘭語為教學語言的學校都是在于韋斯屈萊市創建,1858年創建的公立中學,1863年的師范學校以及1864年的女校。

 

The establishment of schools in the 1850s and 1860s proved to be the most important step from the point of view of the later development of Jyväskylä. The first three Finnish-speaking schools in the world were founded in Jyväskylä, the lycée in 1858, the teachers’ college in 1863, and the girls’ school in 1864.

 

    20世紀初,該市經歷了數次擴張?,F今于韋斯屈萊市的絕大部分是在繼續戰爭之后建立的,當時難民從卡累利阿和其他地方涌入該市,導致房屋嚴重短缺。21世紀,該市快速增長,每年增加人口超過1000人。

 

In the early 20th century, the town expanded several times. Most of today's Jyväskylä was built after the Continuation war, when refugees from Karelia and other parts of the country moved to the city and housing was badly needed. During 21st century Jyväskylä has grown fast – by over 1,000 inhabitants every year.

 

 l 城市圖片 Pictures

 

 

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