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曼德勒簡況

發布日期:2017年02月08日 來源:外僑辦 【字體:

曼德勒市簡況

曼德勒

Mandalay

 

  l 地理位置 Location

 

    曼德勒是緬甸第二大城市,同時也是緬甸最后的皇城。該市位于緬甸中部干旱地區,靠近伊洛瓦底江,海拔64米,地處仰光市以北716公里處,人口總數達122萬以上(根據2014年統計)。

 

Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. It is located in the central dry zone of Burma by the Irrawaddy River, 64 meters above sea level, 716 kilometers north of Yangon. The city has a population of more than 1.22 million (2014 census).

 

    曼德勒位于緬甸中部的戰略位置使之成為全國重要的客運和貨運樞紐。各種運輸網絡將該市與緬甸的其它城市及中國和印度連接起來。

 

Mandalay's strategic location in central Burma makes it an important hub for transport of people and goods. The city is connected to other parts of the country and to China and India by multiple modes of transportation.

 

  l 產業優勢 Competitive industries

 

    曼德勒是上緬甸地區的經濟中心,同時也是緬甸北部和中部的主要貿易及交流中心。大部分與中國和印度的對外貿易都通過這里進行。

 

Mandalay is the economic hub of Upper Burma. It is the major trading and communication center for northern and central Burma. Much of Burmese external trade to China and India goes through Mandalay.

 

    曼德勒市是國內重要工業區之一,主要傳統工業主要包括:絲織業、掛毯制造業、玉石切割及拋光業、石刻及木刻業、大理石佛像及銅質佛像制造業、寺廟裝飾及配備業、金葉及銀制品制造業、火柴制造業以及釀制及蒸餾工藝行業等。

 

Mandalay is one of the major industrial zones of Burma. Among the leading traditional industries are silk weaving, tapestry, jade cutting and polishing, stone and wood carving, making marble and bronze Buddha images, temple ornaments and paraphernalia, the working of gold leaves and of silver, the manufacture of matches, brewing and distilling.

 

  l 旅游資源 Tourism resources

 

    曼德勒市內主要有古皇宮、曼德勒山等著名景點。曼德勒是緬甸內的文化及佛教中心。全市擁有大量寺院及700余座寶塔。曼德勒山腳下坐落著庫克多佛塔。該塔中的石刻經書被公認為“世界最大的經書”,又稱“佛教圣經”。舊曼德勒城外被護城河環繞,城內建筑構成曼德勒宮。這座宮殿大部分結構已在第二次世界大戰期間遭到破壞,現已被一座復制宮殿、曼德勒監獄、軍事駐地及中央軍事指揮部代替。

 

There are many famous scenic spots in the city, including the ancient palace, the Mandalay Hill and numerous monasteries and more than 700 pagodas, since Mandalay is Burma's cultural and religious center of Buddhism. At the foot of Mandalay Hill sits the world's official "Buddhist Bible", also known as the world's largest book, in Kuthodaw Pagoda. The buildings inside the old Mandalay city walls, surrounded by a moat, comprise the Mandalay Palace, mostly destroyed during World War II. ?t is now replaced by a replica, Mandalay Prison and a military garrison, the headquarters of the Central Military Command.

 

  l 歷史文化 History and culture

 

    在被英國吞并前,曼德勒是緬甸最后一個獨立王朝的最后一個皇城。1885年至1948年期間,曼德勒一直處于英國的殖民統治中。在此期間,曼德勒始終是緬甸文化及佛教徒修行的中心,作為最后一座皇城,它被緬甸人當作主權和國家形象的主要標志。1948年,緬甸獨立。此后,曼德勒繼續作為上緬甸的文化、教育及經濟中心。

Mandalay was the last royal capital of the last independent Burmese kingdom before its final annexation by the British. From 1885 to 1948, Mandalay had been under the British colonial rule, during which it was the center of Burmese culture and Buddhist learning, and as the last royal capital, was regarded by the Burmese as a primary symbol of sovereignty and identity. After the country gained independence from Britain in 1948, Mandalay continued to be the main cultural, educational and economic hub of Upper Burma. 

 

圖片 Pictures

 

 

( 1 ) SCENERY  OF  MANDALAY

( 2 ) MANDALAY  URBANIZATION

( 3 ) THE NIGHT SCENERY OF MOAT

( 4 ) TAUNG TAMAN LAKE

( 5 ) SHWE KYATYAT PAGODA AND MANDALAY HILL

( 6 ) GOLDEN MONASTERY

( 7 ) MANDALAY HILL MOAT AND FORT

( 8 ) MYANAN SANKYAW GOLDEN PALACE

( 9 ) KUTHO TAW PAGODA

( 10 ) DECORATIVE LIGHTING AT MAHA MUNI PAGODA

( 11 ) ALMS OFFERING IN THE MORNING

( 12 ) PUPPET

 

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