l 地理位置 Location
Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. It is located in the central dry zone of Burma by the Irrawaddy River, 64 meters above sea level, 716 kilometers north of Yangon. The city has a population of more than 1.22 million (2014 census).
Mandalay's strategic location in central Burma makes it an important hub for transport of people and goods. The city is connected to other parts of the country and to China and India by multiple modes of transportation.
l 產業優勢 Competitive industries
Mandalay is the economic hub of Upper Burma. It is the major trading and communication center for northern and central Burma. Much of Burmese external trade to China and India goes through Mandalay.
Mandalay is one of the major industrial zones of Burma. Among the leading traditional industries are silk weaving, tapestry, jade cutting and polishing, stone and wood carving, making marble and bronze Buddha images, temple ornaments and paraphernalia, the working of gold leaves and of silver, the manufacture of matches, brewing and distilling.
l 旅游資源 Tourism resources
There are many famous scenic spots in the city, including the ancient palace, the Mandalay Hill and numerous monasteries and more than 700 pagodas, since Mandalay is Burma's cultural and religious center of Buddhism. At the foot of Mandalay Hill sits the world's official "Buddhist Bible", also known as the world's largest book, in Kuthodaw Pagoda. The buildings inside the old Mandalay city walls, surrounded by a moat, comprise the Mandalay Palace, mostly destroyed during World War II. ?t is now replaced by a replica, Mandalay Prison and a military garrison, the headquarters of the Central Military Command.
l 歷史文化 History and culture
Mandalay was the last royal capital of the last independent Burmese kingdom before its final annexation by the British. From 1885 to 1948, Mandalay had been under the British colonial rule, during which it was the center of Burmese culture and Buddhist learning, and as the last royal capital, was regarded by the Burmese as a primary symbol of sovereignty and identity. After the country gained independence from Britain in 1948, Mandalay continued to be the main cultural, educational and economic hub of Upper Burma.
l 圖片 Pictures